Source code for scrapy.contracts.default

import json
from typing import Any, Callable, Dict, List, Optional

from itemadapter import ItemAdapter, is_item

from scrapy.contracts import Contract
from scrapy.exceptions import ContractFail
from scrapy.http import Request

# contracts
[docs]class UrlContract(Contract): """Contract to set the url of the request (mandatory) @url """ name = "url" def adjust_request_args(self, args: Dict[str, Any]) -> Dict[str, Any]: args["url"] = self.args[0] return args
[docs]class CallbackKeywordArgumentsContract(Contract): """Contract to set the keyword arguments for the request. The value should be a JSON-encoded dictionary, e.g.: @cb_kwargs {"arg1": "some value"} """ name = "cb_kwargs" def adjust_request_args(self, args: Dict[str, Any]) -> Dict[str, Any]: args["cb_kwargs"] = json.loads(" ".join(self.args)) return args
[docs]class ReturnsContract(Contract): """Contract to check the output of a callback general form: @returns request(s)/item(s) [min=1 [max]] e.g.: @returns request @returns request 2 @returns request 2 10 @returns request 0 10 """ name = "returns" object_type_verifiers: Dict[Optional[str], Callable[[Any], bool]] = { "request": lambda x: isinstance(x, Request), "requests": lambda x: isinstance(x, Request), "item": is_item, "items": is_item, } def __init__(self, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any): super().__init__(*args, **kwargs) if len(self.args) not in [1, 2, 3]: raise ValueError( f"Incorrect argument quantity: expected 1, 2 or 3, got {len(self.args)}" ) self.obj_name = self.args[0] or None self.obj_type_verifier = self.object_type_verifiers[self.obj_name] try: self.min_bound: float = int(self.args[1]) except IndexError: self.min_bound = 1 try: self.max_bound: float = int(self.args[2]) except IndexError: self.max_bound = float("inf") def post_process(self, output: List[Any]) -> None: occurrences = 0 for x in output: if self.obj_type_verifier(x): occurrences += 1 assertion = self.min_bound <= occurrences <= self.max_bound if not assertion: if self.min_bound == self.max_bound: expected = str(self.min_bound) else: expected = f"{self.min_bound}..{self.max_bound}" raise ContractFail( f"Returned {occurrences} {self.obj_name}, expected {expected}" )
[docs]class ScrapesContract(Contract): """Contract to check presence of fields in scraped items @scrapes page_name page_body """ name = "scrapes" def post_process(self, output: List[Any]) -> None: for x in output: if is_item(x): missing = [arg for arg in self.args if arg not in ItemAdapter(x)] if missing: missing_fields = ", ".join(missing) raise ContractFail(f"Missing fields: {missing_fields}")